Sheikh M, Poustchi H, Pourshams A, Khoshnia M, Gharavi A, Zahedi M, Roshandel G, Sepanlou SG, Fazel A, Hashemian M, Abaei B, Sotoudeh M, Nikmanesh A, Merat S, Etemadi A, Moghaddam SN, Islami F, Kamangar F, Pharoah PD, Dawsey SM, Abnet CC, Boffetta P, Brennan P, Malekzadeh R. Environ Health Perspect. Epub 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2013 Jan 31. Kerosene is a type of flammable fuel commonly burned as an energy source for stoves, lanterns, jet fuels and furnaces. Association Between Solid Cooking Fuels and Respiratory Disease Across Socio-Demographic Groups in India. She earned a B.A. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. When addressing the direct affects to humans, kerosene is known to cause acute damage to the lungs eyes, breathing, skin and other bodily functions as well as causing severe damage to aquatic and various forms of marine life. Although not as clean as type 1-K kerosene, type 2-K serves its purpose well. eCollection 2019 Dec. Yamamoto SS, Yacyshyn E, Jhangri GS, Chopra A, Parmar D, Jones CA. Some kerosene-using devices emit substantial amounts of fine particulates, carbon monoxide (CO), nitric oxides (NO(x)), and sulfur dioxide (SO(2)). Many people in Africa, Asia and Latin America still use kerosene for cooking, heating and lighting, and an estimated 7.6 billion liters of kerosene are used annually worldwide. The fuel has its advantages, including cost and relative safety. Considering the widespread use in the developing world of kerosene, the scarcity of adequate epidemiologic investigations, the potential for harm, and the implications for national energy policies, researchers are strongly encouraged to consider collecting data on household kerosene uses in studies of health in developing countries. It was mainly used as a heating source until the Chinese turned it into a lamp fuel around 1500 B.C. In 2019, Americans used about 142 billion gallons of motor gasoline—or about 390 million gallons per day—and about 197 million gallons of aviation gasoline.Gasoline is one of the major fuels consumed in the United States and is the main product that U.S. oil refineries produce. Kerosene is often advocated as a cleaner alternative to solid fuels, biomass and coal, for cooking, and kerosene lamps are frequently used when electricity is unavailable. One type of kerosene lamp, called a hurricane lamp, was designed to be available during the worst conditions. eCollection 2019. Studies of kerosene used for cooking or lighting provide some evidence that emissions may impair lung function and increase infectious illness (including tuberculosis), asthma, and cancer risks. Made from the refinement of crude oil, it is also known as paraffin and combustible oil… Kerosene is one of the most traditional sources of providing heat and light, originally within lanterns, and is still used worldwide, to cook and provide entertainment particularly to those within less affluent and developed countries. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. The National Kerosene Heater Association has approved the use of this clean-burning fuel for heating units. Well-documented kerosene hazards are poisonings, fires, and explosions. Kerosene is derived primarily from petroleum, but at one time, it was also made from coal tar and shale oils. There are a few common types of heating oil grades used today: Kimberley McGee is an award-winning journalist with 20+ years of experience writing for a variety of clients, including The New York Times, Las Vegas Review-Journal Home section and other national publications. Regular kerosene is used as fuel for fishing ships and small, light air crafts. Kerosene is an inexpensive oil that’s been since the 19th century for lamps. 2019 Dec 3;3(12):370-390. doi: 10.1029/2019GH000208. Whilst it is certainly one of the easiest methods providing heating in particular, kerosene requires increased levels of care and responsibility when handling and storing, carrying with it many health and hazard warnings particularly within its containment area. There are two types of kerosene that are used today. It is also used as a main ingredient in solutions of insecticides and various greases. Kerosene is one of the most traditional sources of providing heat and light, originally within lanterns, and is still used worldwide, to cook and provide entertainment particularly to those within less affluent and … It’s a safer alternative to other flame sources while delivering impressive spectacles. Kerosene is easy to ignite. It has a higher sulfur content of .30 percent sulfur by weight. Kerosene is a fairly common and clean-burning fuel with many uses. How to Use Linseed Oil on Wood. Puzzolo E, Zerriffi H, Carter E, Clemens H, Stokes H, Jagger P, Rosenthal J, Petach H. Geohealth. 2019 Aug 22;9(23):190911. doi: 10.5696/2156-9614-9.23.190911. Globally, an estimated 500 million households still use fuels, particularly kerosene, for lighting. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Kerosene uses have expanded beyond creating energy or burning it. Circus performers, stage effects and other live performances that include fire, use kerosene because of its low fire temperature. Get the latest research from NIH: It can appear colorless or pale yellow and has a unique odor. Its name derives from Greek: κηρός (keros) meaning "wax", and was registered as a trademark by Canadian geologist and inventor Abraham Gesner in 1854 before evolving into a genericized trademark. PLoS One. This article was written by the It Still Works team, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum. In other parts of the world, kerosene goes by other names, including: Kerosene is a very effective lighting fuel. However, it has a low vapor level, which means that it has a low chance of exploding. Generally, No. As with kerosene, all fuel is sourced from crude oil. It is also known as: It replaced whale oil in Europe in the late 1800s. Epstein MB, Bates MN, Arora NK, Balakrishnan K, Jack DW, Smith KR. Kerosene is often advocated as a cleaner alternative to solid fuels, biomass and coal, for cooking, and kerosene lamps are frequently used when electricity is unavailable. 2020 Jun;128(6):67002. doi: 10.1289/EHP5907. Kerosene room heaters do not require electricity to run, and some models can heat an area of up to 1,000 sq. Gas oil is heavier than kerosene. 2007 Jun;115(6):848-55. doi: 10.1289/ehp.9479. Increased risk of respiratory illness associated with kerosene fuel use among women and children in urban Bangalore, India. It's quite a process to create kerosene. Like natural gas, kerosene is derived from the same type of fossil fuels. 499 Sycamore Ave. If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when using Kerosene medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery. Despite this, it does emit some poisonous gases -- these include nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. NIH They are separated into type 1-K and type 2-K categories, based mainly on the difference in their sulfur content. Shrewsbury, NJ 07702, William D. Lawes Sr Master HVACR Contractor License# 19HC00610100, 10 Safety Tips For Heating Your Home In NJ This Winter, What To Do When Your Home Furnace Is Short Cycling. It is also known as red diesel. The hydrocarbon compound is made into clear oil that is safe to burn after the volatile hydrocarbon fractions have been removed. It is used worldwide and most commonly within less affluent countries, providing means of cooking and even entertainment. As a derivative of petroleum, it has many of the same chemical properties. All three of these can cause damage to the body if breathed in. Type 1-K is refined to a point that is safe to use indoors without negatively affecting humans or household pets. If not used responsibly, kerosene can pose a fire hazard. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. It has now launched a ‘five in five’ project to make 5% of the kerosene it uses at Hamburg airport synthetic (non-fossil) within five years. According to the various legislature and guidelines detailing its handling and management, Kerosene is succinctly described as containing the following keyword descriptions, flammable, harmful and dangerous to the environment. If using type 2-K kerosene, be prepared to perform regular maintenance and keep the appliance clean and running properly. Boiled linseed oil is a popular substance used to coat and protect a variety of different wooden surfaces, such as hardwood floors or pieces of furniture. In recent years, kerosene has developed another important usage: jet fuel. Kerosene is a liquid fossil fuel that was once the most-used kind of fuel for lighting before the introduction of electricity. For best results, store kerosene in controlled conditions away from rain and sunlight. The U.S. National Library of Medicine explains that kerosene was used widely in North America during the mid-19th century and into the 20th century until the use of electricity became the predominant source of power. Nat Energy. Because kerosene-fueled devices such as lamps can work independently, they provide a useful source of light and heat when other sources are unavailable. This type of kerosene is generally used for most kerosene heaters. It is a fuel that produces less fumes in its paraffin form -- therefore it is considered environmentally more friendly than coal and wood. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. It is obtained from petroleum and used for burning in kerosene lamps and domestic heaters or furnaces, as a fuel or fuel component for jet engines, and as a solvent for greases and insecticides. It is sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage. Several health complications are caused by the excessive of use of kerosene, including lung cancer, pneumonia, tuberculosis, asthma, cataracts and low birth weights. This review focuses on household kerosene uses, mainly in developing countries, their associated emissions, and their hazards. What Happens When You Skip Annual Furnace Maintenance? Her full bio and clips can be viewed at Since the 9th century B.C., kerosene has helped humans heat their homes, cook their food and light their way. The term kerosene is common in much of It is still used in parts of the world that occasionally suffer a shortage of electricity. Product RequiredRed DeiselKeroseneLubricantsPremium Parafin. Kerosene is a non-corrosive fuel, safe to store for a long time. Kerosene is a type of flammable fuel commonly burned as an energy source for stoves, lanterns, jet fuels and furnaces. By far its biggest commercial use is as jet fuel. HHS In developed countries its use has greatly declined because of electrification. If you need guidance for kerosene solutions, contact an expert at Lawes Company today. These emissions can also be harmful and cause nausea. It’s one of the most versatile and hydrocarbon fuels in the industry. It is widely used as a fuel in aviation as well as households. Kerosene, flammable hydrocarbon liquid commonly used as a fuel. Epub 2007 Feb 27. One of the key reasons for its popularity is its readily availability and ease of purchase from a variety of different sources. It is a thin, clear liquid, insoluble in water. It has a low flame temperature, so it is safer than most other hydrocarbon fuels when used for cooking or lighting.