We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing It has been long thought that the authorities acted after being tipped off by an anonymous Dutch caller. Anne and her family went into hiding for two years to avoid Nazi persecution. Her diary is the first encounter many people have with the history of Nazi Germany's attempt to murder all the Jews of Europe during World War II. Anne's mother, Edith died in Auschwitz in early January 1945. What you can accomplish! Miep Gies saw this and decided to save it in case she came back. From Westerbork, German officials deported the Jews to Auschwitz-Birkenau and Sobibor killing centers in German-occupied Poland. As well as giving the reader an insight into of what it was like to live under such extreme circumstances, it also shows Anne struggling with the universal problem of growing up.Her diary ends in 1944 when the annexe was raided by the Nazi authorities. The diary is famous even to this day and was the inspiration for the Broadway play "The Diary of Anne Frank" in 1955. I want to be useful or bring enjoyment to all people, even those I've never met. For a girl who liked to talk, keeping quiet so that the workers below you could not hear them was not exactly thrilling. Anne and Margot were first sent to Auschwitz and then to Bergen-Belsen where they died of typhoid in 1945. Anne had a very happy childhood in Holland, making friends and helping her parents try to understand some their neighbors (most of their neighbors, however, were like them, displaced German Jews.) They were all sent to a transit camp, and then on to Auschwitz, the infamous death camp. ©2020 AETN UK. Records indicating their exact numbers have not been preserved. Anne and her family went into hiding for two years to avoid Nazi persecution. Wrote letters in English to her penpal in Iowa. Born in Germany in 1929 and raised and raised in Germany and Amsterdam. SS officials also selected Anne's parents for labor. Tommy Peter. Now known as the Anne Frank House, it drew more than 1.2 million visitors in 2017. Around the time she was 4 years old, Adolf Hitler took power in Germany, forcing Otto to make the decision to move the family to Holland. Favourite/Inspirational Famous people that have died. He asked his assistant Miep Gies if the family could hide in the company attic if worst came to worst. Both sisters died of typhus in March 1945, just a few weeks before British troops liberated Bergen-Belsen on April 15, 1945. The killer king: How many people did Henry VIII execute? Analiese Marie Frank was born on June, 1929, in Germany to Edith and Otto Frank and was the sister of Margot Frank. From a young age, Anne showed an aptitude for reading and writing, while her outspoken and energetic personality shone through. Her parents were Otto and Edith Frank. Men and women were separated. One night there was an announcement that said for people to save their diaries, notes, and letters for publication after the war. On her 13th birthday, Otto gave Anne an autograph book bound with white and red checked cloth and closed with a small lock. Anne, however, still reserved much of her time on her own, telling her thoughts and fears to her diary, her one true friend. We all live with the objective of being happy; our lives are all different and yet the same. By 1934, Edith and the two girls were living in Amsterdam, where they both attended school. TTY: 202.488.0406, Anne Frank was a German girl and Jewish victim of the Holocaust who is famous for keeping a diary of her experiences. When Holland was occupied by the Nazis in 1940, their heritage put the family under threat. Niece of Robert Frank (1886-1953). It's really a wonder that I haven't dropped all my ideals, because they seem so absurd and impossible to carry out. The women chosen from this transport, including Anne, Edith, and Margot, were tattooed with numbers between A-25060 and A-25271. Women should be respected as well! Her mother died in Auschwitz concentration camp on January 6, 1945. On August 4, 1944, the Gestapo (German Secret State Police) discovered the hiding place. For the first 5 years of her life, Anne lived with her parents and older sister, Margot, in an apartment on the outskirts of Frankfurt. In 1941, however, Anne's idyllic childhood ended when Hitler invaded the Netherlands, making some of the same racial laws in Holland that he had made in Germany several years before. After the, The fate of the Frank family and other Jews in, Selected for labor due to their youth, Anne and her sister, Margot were transferred to the, Both sisters died of typhus in March 1945, just a few weeks before, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC, Lesson Plan: Exploring Anne Frank’s Diary, Americans and the Holocaust online exhibition: Otto Frank correspondence, German Bombs and US Bureaucrats: How Escape Lines from Europe Were Cut Off, Online Exhibition—Some Were Neighbors: Collaboration & Complicity in the Holocaust, Online Exhibition—Anne Frank the Writer: An Unfinished Story, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Library bibliography: Anne Frank, The Secret Annex Online: Discover Anne Frank's Hiding Place, Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center. On reading: If I read the book that impresses me, I have to take myself firmly in hand before I mix with other people; otherwise they would think my mind rather queer. She enjoyed four happy years growing up in Frankfurt until the Nazi's came to power. One month later, on September 4, 1944, SS and police authorities placed the Franks and the four others hiding with them on a train transport to Auschwitz-Birkenau in German-occupied Poland. https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/anne-frank-biography work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. |  Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics, Find articles, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically, Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust, Explore the ID Cards to learn more about personal experiences during the Holocaust. While in hiding, Anne kept a diary in which she recorded her fears, hopes, and experiences. Peter van Pels was forced to march east with other inmates of Auschwitz and died in another concentration camp. I want to go on living even after my death! Otto Frank was integral to getting his daughter’s diary published. It fills us with fresh courage and makes us strong again. The House of Bonaparte: How Napoleon used his family to build an empire. The play was adapted into a movie in 1959 and two TV-films, the first, in 1967 and again in 1980. Step-sister of Heinz Geiringer (1926-1945) and Eva Schloss (b.1929). 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW Main telephone: 202.488.0400 How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world. Her documentation of this time is now published in The Diary of a Young Girl. Otto transferred his shares in his company to a friend and resigned as director leaving the family with enough income to survive. She was survived only by her father Otto. Anne Frank and her family spent two years hiding in a secret attic apartment behind the office of a family-owned business in Amsterdam. Hiding with another family and a dentist in an annex behind the building in which her father worked, Anne recorded their lives in her diary almost daily. Is the youngest person ever to reach number one on the New York Times' Bestseller List, for her diary. That same day, Gestapo official SS Sergeant Karl Silberbauer and two Dutch police collaborators arrested the Franks; the Gestapo sent them to Westerbork transit camp on August 8. On 6 July 1942, Anne, her sister Margot and her parents went into hiding, along with four other families. In late February, Margot died and several days after that Anne died, only a couple of days before the camp was liberated. Anne Frank (born Annelies Marie Frank; June 12, 1929–March 1945) was a Jewish teenager who spent two years hiding in a Secret Annex in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam during World War II.While she died in the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp at age 15, her father survived and found and published Anne's diary. The Franks were Jews, and they lived with many Jewish and non-Jewish citizens.Anne and Margot grew up with Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish friends. Washington, DC 20024-2126 In the long run, the sharpest weapon of all is a kind and gentle spirit. They left her behind, the family of a friend of Anne's (referred to as "Toosje K." in FAF) took in this cat after the Franks disappeared into hiding. In addition, she recorded her fights with her mother, her budding relationship with the other family's son, and her own maturation. People are just people, and all people have faults and shortcomings, but all of us are born with a basic goodness. Their hiding place, the annexe, was in a specially prepared space above the offices of their business. Although I'm only fourteen, I know quite well what I want, I know who is right and who is wrong. Selected for labor due to their youth, Anne and her sister, Margot were transferred to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in northern Germany in late October 1944. After the Nazis seized power in 1933, Otto Frank fled to Amsterdam in the Netherlands, where he had business connections. 'The Diary of Anne Frank' is an exceptionally popular and well known piece of writing. The rest of the Frank family soon followed, with Anne being the last of the family to arrive in February 1934 after staying with her grandparents in Aachen. It has since been published in many different languages and has inspired two Broadway plays and a film. The transport arrived in Auschwitz the following day with 1,019 Jews on board. My start has been so very full of interest, and that is the sole reason why I have to laugh at the humorous side of the most dangerous moments. Early life. The good news is that you don't know how great you can be! In July 1942, her sister Margot received a call up notice from the Central Office of Jewish Emigration ordering her to report for a relocation to a work camp. Stepdaughter of Elfriede Geiringer (1905 - 1998). Her documentation of this time is now published in, For the first 5 years of her life, Anne lived with her parents and older sister, Margot, in an apartment on the outskirts of Frankfurt. For two years, they lived in a secret attic apartment behind the office of the family-owned business at 263 Prinsengracht Street, which Anne referred to in her diary as the Secret Annex. She was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. Although Anne's death certificate documents her movement between camps, it does not include her tattoo ID number either. The family were subjected to the same rules as German Jews, namely Jewish children could only attend Jewish schools, they faced curfews, were not allowed to own a business and were forced to wear a yellow star. When Anne was still alive she had expressed interest in having her diary published as a record of her experience. She proceeded to use this as her diary, with the first entries detailing how her family were segregated and discriminated against. Her sister died in Bergen-Belsen camp only a few days before her. There, Mr. Van Pels and Mrs. Frank died. I don't want to have lived in vain like most people. During the two years that the Franks, Von Pelzes and the dentist were in the attic, they were able to go downstairs at night to listen to the radio. She was a female cat that Anne and her family got in early in 1942. Think of all the beauty still left around you and be happy. Whilst in hiding, they were supported by a group of friends, who brought them food as well as anything else they needed. Analiese Marie Frank was born on June, 1929, in Germany to Edith and Otto Frank and was the sister of Margot Frank.Around the time she was 4 years old, Adolf Hitler took power in Germany, forcing Otto to make the decision to move the family to Holland. Anne Frank, a Jewish girl who lived in Germany during World War II, was born on June 12, 1929. - IMDb Mini Biography By: