When you look down and see that soil, you know you’re in Regnie. The Crus make up half of this land and 50 percent of the total production of Beaujolais. The northern half of the Beaujolais region, which is just south of Macon region of Burgundy, is where the famous ten Crus (vineyard areas) of Beaujolais are located. [1], The Gamay grape, more accurately known as Gamay noir à Jus blanc to distinguish it from the Gamay teinturier grapes with red juice and different from the Napa Gamay and the Gamay Beaujolais grapes of California, is the most widely planted grape in Beaujolais, accounting for nearly 98% of all plantings. The Wine Company’s quick and easy guide to Cru Beaujolais, FAQ Couple that with it being the largest of the Crus, Brouilly can be variable but are often more fruit driven that floral in style. In other words, a bottle of Cru Beaujolais on the table makes for a table of happy wine drinkers. French Gamay was a grape planted throughout the revered region of the Cote d’Or, just to the north of Beaujolais, until July of 1395 when the Duke of Burgundy (Phillip the Bold) actually banned it from his region (he was not a fan of Gamay’s “very great and terrible bitterness” and thought it “injurious to the human creature”). Typical aromas are raspberry and bright cherry. [1] Filtering the wine in order to stabilize it is practiced to varying degrees by Beaujolais winemakers. Morgon – Located in the center of Beaujolais, Morgon, granted AOC status in 1936, is the second largest Cru with 1126 hectares and 250 growers. The soils in the west are metamorphic soils resulting in floral wines with bright acidity, whereas in the east, there is more sand and clay resulting in wines with more fruit and spice. The 10 Crus of Beaujolais are Brouilly, Chénas, Chiroubles, Côte de Brouilly, Fleurie, Juliénas, Morgon, Moulin-à-Vent, Régnié and Saint-Amour. The wines of Chénas are generally fruity and approachable and marked with velvety tannins and high acidity. [11] Similarly, Beaujolais is often treated like a white wine and served slightly chilled to a lower temperature, the lighter the style. Incredibly floral in the nose, but with a supremely velvety texture on the palate, the wines of Fleurie are amazingly easy to pair with a huge variety of foods. The presence of manganese is not big enough to kill the vines, but it does create a situation of tremendously reduced yields, resulting in the longest lasting and ageworthy styles of Cru Beaujolais. In the case of Beaujolais nouveau, this process is completed in as little as four days, with the other AOCs being allowed longer time to ferment. It is the first French wine to be released for each vintage year. Pinot noir, which has very small plantings, is also permitted, but that grape is being phased out by 2015 as Beaujolais winemakers continue to focus their winemaking identity on the Gamay grape. The wines rarely need to be decanted. Beaujolais Nouveau is festive, fun, gulpable, not ageworthy, and not enormously complex. Try to hunt down a bottle of Chénas, the rarest cru in Beaujolais. As fermentation starts, the CO2 being released cuts off the oxygen to the grapes above, starting a fermentation inside of the grapes. [6], In December 2007, five people were arrested after reportedly selling nearly 600 tonnes of sugar to growers in Beaujolais. Recommended: 2014 Laurence & Remi Dufaitre, Côte de Brouilly. Unsurprisingly, sales of Saint-Amour spike in February, right around Valentine’s Day, but the wine is delicious year-round. wine FAQ, • Submit The angle of the hillside vineyards in the north exposes the grapes to more sunshine which leads to harvest at an earlier time than the vineyards in the south. This light, easy-drinking cru is the most northerly of the ten, characterized by soft red fruit. Aligote vines that were planted prior to 2004 are permitted in wine production, but the entire grape variety is being phased out of the region by 2024. What does that mean? These are typically the most powerful and muscular wines of Beaujolais, where the combination of sand over granite becomes a natural way to keep the yields low. The famous ten "Crus" of Beaujolais are the located in the northern half of the Beaujolais region, just south of Burgundy's Macon region. Just as in many European wine regions, a recent wave of ‘cleaner’ winemaking techniques has improved quality and wine stability across the board. In their inaugural year, the 12 Club Crus Beaujolais producers will travel to the U.S. showcasing the rich history and distinction of the Cru Beaujolais in New York City and Chicago. Basic Beaujolais and Beaujolais nouveau are meant to be drunk within a year of their harvest. and food | wine faq | legendary While administratively considered part of the Burgundy wine region, the climate is closer to the Rhône and the wine is sufficiently individual in character to be considered separately from Burgundy and Rhône. It is fermented for just a few days and released to the public on the third Thursday of November - "Beaujolais Nouveau Day". Have I been missing out all these years? But with all of the styles available, enjoy bottles of Beaujolais year round. Those in the know see cru Beaujolais as a source for wines that are more robust, more structured, and more ageable than standard Beaujolais, but with all the friendliness and affordability that the overall region offers. It is located north of Lyon , and covers parts of the north of the Rhône département of the Rhône-Alpes region and southern areas of the Saône-et-Loire département of Burgundy . They Wine They can last up to one or two years but will have lost most of their characteristic flavors by that point. [1] The wines are meant to be drunk as young as possible, when they are at their freshest and fruitiest. Moulin à Vent, - For those who are used to drinking standard Beaujolais or even Beaujolais Nouveau, Chiroubles is a great wine to transition into the world of cru Beaujolais. Wines are typically shipped a few days earlier to locations around the world where they must be held in a bonded warehouse till 12:01 am, when the wines can be first opened and consumed. Upon their arrival signs would be put out proclaiming "Le Beaujolais Est Arrivé!" These are spicy wines, often with a warm personality. Elevated in 1988, Régnié is the youngest of the Beaujolais crus, and stylistically, it brings together the fresh fruit of Brouilly with a bit of the body and structure of Morgon. The weight of the grapes crushes the skins of the bottom of the tank, cracking open the skins, releasing juice, and giving the yeast the sugar it craves. The bottom third of the grapes gets crushed under the weight of gravity and resulting must begins normal yeast fermentation with ambient yeasts found naturally on the skins of the grapes. Love Bourbon? Temperatures in Chiroubles are lower than in other parts of Beaujolais, which means that the vines are five to 10 days behind the normal growing cycle. in France | wine tasting | wine